The tremendous and growing societal and economic impact of Quantum Information Science and Engineering (QISE) presents new challenges and opportunities in the United States. Building capacity, expanding participation, increasing access, and expanding opportunities are critical to fulfillment of the National Quantum Initiative Act passed in 2018 and a key tenet of the founding mission of the US National Science Foundation to advance scientific leadership and support research that breaks down barriers.
During the recent Quantum Information Science Program Days, the NSF invited government officials from 15 different federal departments and agencies to demonstrate NSF’s continued support for quantum information science and engineering and its commitment to cross-agency collaboration.
Quantum information science has the potential to benefit virtually every branch of science, and the NSF is expanding access, skills and talent development to ensure the US is at the forefront of the quantum future.
In addition, the National Science Foundation’s Expanding Capacity in Quantum Information Science and Engineering program funds research in quantum fundamentals, metrology and control, co-design and systems, education and human resource development. On the other hand, in 2022, the NSF invested $21,397,566 in the ExpandQISE Awards.
ExpandQISE grantees will conduct research in a variety of fields, including physics, computer science, materials science, engineering, and chemistry. The award winners come from a variety of schools, including three historical colleges and universities.
ExpandQISE is a new program aimed at increasing participation and capacity in quantum information science and engineering, which is a key field of modern research and education. It fosters capacity by offering support and resources for QISE-related research at all levels of education. Each team participates in meaningful activities that benefit QISE education and staff development.
Meanwhile, researchers at Georgia Tech, with support from the US NSF, have developed an integrated method to study the biomechanics of falls and the systemic response of the legs, joints and muscles.
Important information about how the body adapts during a fall can be gained by examining the interaction of the various components. This study provides the framework for using mechanical energetics to understand the responsibilities of joints and muscles in unstable movements.
Scientists hoped to increase their knowledge of how exoskeletons affect human muscle mechanics and gait stability. Researchers developed a new, more thorough method of assessing stability that will help answer how muscle mechanics, exoskeletons and stability work together to respond to falls.
The researchers measured the energy expenditure of people who walked on the treadmill and were subjected to sudden changes in speed. Using a custom algorithm, the researchers timed treadmill breaks to precise points during the walk and used the data to quantify changes in energy expenditure in affected joints.
According to the experts, the framework could be used to assess which biological parts respond to unstable environments. They believe the findings could lead to advances in exoskeletons, prosthetics and physical rehabilitation.
The new framework could help identify which part of a person’s body regulates responses to destabilizing energy, and indicate which muscles or joints rehabilitation therapy should target. It could also pave the way for improved exoskeletons and prostheses that target specific joints to restore stabilizing responses in those with balance disorders.
Georgia Institute of Technology, also known as Georgia Tech, is a top ten public research university that educates leaders who advance technology and improve the human condition.