Congress has been busy in 2022 on many fronts, especially in the areas of technology and cybersecurity. to 117Work Parliament closes, 118Work Congress will be ready to take over in early January 2023. Here’s a look at some of the most important tech bills in 2022.
chips and science
The Chips and Science Act, enacted on August 9, focuses on expanding US semiconductor chip manufacturing capabilities and reducing reliance on foreign chips.
The bill received bipartisan support, with the House of Representatives voting 243-187 and the Senate voting 64-33. Many of the bill’s provisions came from a USICA/COMPETES bill that failed to pass a House-Senate committee earlier this year.
The bill includes a $52 billion fund focused on encouraging manufacturers to invest in building semiconductor plants across the United States. The law also includes billions of additional dollars for federal research and development and the National Science Foundation (NSF) to establish a director of technology.
Inflation Reduction Act
The Inflation Reduction Act passed on August 16 aims to help the Internal Revenue Service (IRS) rebuild its outdated technology systems and networks.
The bill provides the IRS with $80 billion over 10 years for rebuilding efforts, including $5 billion scheduled for “modernizing business systems” to bolster the agency’s three-year-old IT modernization plan, which has already received $275 million from fiscal year one. give dollars. Budget for 2022 and a one-time budget of $1 billion under the 2021 U.S. Structural Planning Act. The IRS’ system dates back to the 1960s.
The bill passed the House by a small margin of 220-207, and many of the bill’s provisions address non-technical issues, including climate change efforts.
Veterans Affairs Electronic Health Records Transparency Act
The Veterans Affairs Electronic Health Records Transparency Act was signed by President Biden on June 23 and aims to increase transparency in the agency’s EHRM system program, which has had problems developing and rolling out.
A major focus of the law is to hold programs accountable to veterans by requiring the VA to provide regular reports on program metrics such as costs, performance, and results.
The bill was first introduced last year by Senator Jerry Moran (R-Kan.), Secretary of the Senate Veterans Affairs, after serious concerns about the program surfaced. “Now that this bill has been signed into law, we can ensure that the VA is providing adequate transparency throughout its EHRM implementation,” the Senator said. “This will allow the Commission to provide better oversight during the deployment process to ensure that veterans are getting the care they deserve and that the VA is accountable for taxpayer dollars.”
2022 Small Business Innovation Research (SBIR) and Small Business Technology Transfer (STTR) Extension Act
The law was signed by President Biden on September 30 and focuses on strengthening commercial partnerships between the federal government and private companies.
The bill also created a due diligence program to help deter program applicants who might pose a “potential risk” because of their foreign ties. According to the White House, the program also established “minimum performance standards for companies that have won a certain number of awards over a specified period of time.”
Isabella Casillas Guzman, Small Business Administration (SBA) said, “America’s innovators, scientists and entrepreneurs will spend the next three years as they continue to create opportunities that lead to jobs and equity in America’s innovation economy. You will have certainty,” he said.
Fiscal Year (FY) 2022 Omnibus Appropriations Bill
President Biden signed the bill on March 15 after passing both the Senate and the House with bipartisan support.
The spending bill includes many substantial cybersecurity and technology measures, including increasing the budget of the Cybersecurity and Infrastructure Security Agency (CISA) to $2.6 billion.
The bill included the following items:
- $11 Million Increase for Multi-State Information and Analysis Center, $38 Million in FY2022 Funding for Information Sharing and Analysis Center Designed to Share Cyber Threats, Vulnerabilities and Analytics Statewide increases to
- An additional $20 million to begin building the next-generation 9-1-1 ecosystem program; and
- $47.6 million increase in funding for Next-Generation Networks priority services.
Promote rigorous and innovative cost efficiency for Federal Procurement and Acquisitions (PRICE) Act of 2021
Earlier in the year, President Biden signed into law the rigorous and innovative cost efficiency promotion of the Federal Procurement and Acquisitions (PRICE) Act of 2021, which aims to promote best practices for acquisition and procurement practices.
This measure helps increase the number of opportunities small businesses have to work with the federal government on contracting opportunities. Historically, some agencies have been reluctant to work with smaller organizations. The bill also requires Department of Homeland Security (DHS) officials to compile and publish an annual report on successful projects utilizing innovative procurement technologies.
Artificial intelligence education for manpower acquisition
On October 17, President Biden signed legislation titled the “Artificial Intelligence Education Act” to improve the capabilities of the federal workforce and their understanding of AI technology.
The legislation requires the Office and Management (OMB) to provide regular updates on AI training programs and to consult with AI technologists and experts on promoting best practices.
“When governments buy AI to improve government functions, we need to know that the AI we buy actually works and meets ethical and safety standards.
Quantum Computing Cybersecurity Preparedness
The Quantum Computing Cybersecurity Preparedness Act, signed by President Biden on December 21st, encourages government agencies to implement technologies that help maintain protection against cryptography through quantum computing.
The bill requires the Office of Management and Budget (OMB) to begin migrating many federal agencies to IT systems suitable for protecting them from quantum cryptography. The bill would also require the White House to produce a report outlining the federal government’s areas of cryptographic weakness and then forward the report to Congress on the need for additional funding.
Cyber Incident Reporting Act on Critical Infrastructure of 2022 (CIRCIA)
The Cyber Incident Reporting for Critical Infrastructure Act of 2022 (CIRCIA) was enacted on March 15 as part of the Consolidated Appropriations Act of 2022 and helps CISA protect critical infrastructure organizations from paying for cyber incidents and ransomware. The focus is on enabling you to create rules that you can report on. government.
With additional attack and ransomware payout reports, CISA “distributes resources and provides support to victims under attack, analyzes incoming reports from multiple sectors to identify trends, and quickly shares that information with network defenders to help other Warn potential victims,” the agency said.
In creating the new reporting requirements, CISA was tasked with consulting with various agencies such as the Department of Justice (DOJ) and the Cyber Incident Reporting Commission chaired by DHS.