COP27 – Should we be afraid of the future of urban life?

Sharm el-Sheikh © Image: Sayed Sheasha

It’s that time of year again. It’s not Christmas yet And I’m talking about COP27 this year, next Sunday. representatives from different countries will meet in Sharm el-Sheikh, Egypt. to attend the COP27 meeting

COP27 will be held from November 6 to November 18, 2022.

What is COP?

COP stands for Conference of the Parties and is organized under the framework of the United Nations Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC).

COP meets every year Unless something happens (such as a pandemic) and the Parties decide otherwise, the first COP meeting was held in Berlin. Germany in 1995

Bonn, Germany (2019) © Photo: Mika Baumeister

COP21, which signed the Paris climate agreement in 2015, is the most resonating among them. Although countries such as China, India, the United States and Australia will not agree to reduce the use of coal This fossil fuel is causing the most global warming. and limit global warming to 2 °C. More than 40 countries pledged at the summit.

To maintain the possibility of limiting global warming to 1.5 °C by 2050, this would require a 45% reduction in greenhouse gas emissions by 2030 compared to 2010. However, the agreement signed while This puts us on the threshold of an average temperature increase of about 2.4 °C.

COP provides an open space for environmental discussions. climate crisis climate migration, etc.

©Climate Action Tracker, 2021

What to expect from COP27?

Last year at Glasgow COP26, 50 countries committed to building climate resilience, low carbon and sustainable health systems, with 14 (including the UK) setting zero emissions targets by 2050.

However, there was disappointment in the implementation of the climate deal at the end of the first COP26 summit. The COP agreed plans to cut coal power generation. But the message changed after objections from India and China.

Commenting on the results of COP26, writer and ethicist Julian Sheather said, “COP26 fails in complete knowledge of the consequences. And it fails for a predictable reason. One is “brinkmanship” around the world. Everyone knows that time is running out. And dealing with climate change brings a lot of pain. lifestyle must change but if others move first You will enjoy the status quo for longer. And if no one blinks Why is the only idiot blinking as the planet moves across the cliff?”

Dubai, United Arab Emirates © travelwild

Indeed, we still have hope for COP27. Egyptian Minister for International Cooperation Rania Al Mashat told the Guardian: “For us what we want this COP27 to be about is about moving from pledge to action. And we want to highlight what are the policies and practices that are practical. A process that can actually drive promises. [into action]To bridge that gap.” She added: “We want this police to be practical: what do we have to do to carry out our commitments to action?”

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Let’s take a realistic look at our world first, how about COP27?

The United Nations Climate Change Conference will be held in Africa this year for the first time since 2016.

Generally speaking, the COP27 meeting on the management of the climate crisis requires bold and expeditious action. Egypt’s vision for COP27 is to go beyond negotiation, planning and implementation. It’s time to take action Consequently, we must move quickly to inclusive, timely, comprehensive and broad action.

Global temperature © NASA Earth Observatory

After COP26 fails to meet the promises needed to limit global warming to safe levels, this year’s extraordinary heat, drought and flooding could be the impetus for governments to take immediate and immediate action. in the latest report The Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) is absolutely clear: Is it now?

In 2018 we all met Greta Thunberg when she was 15 with a protest at a Swedish school. And she became the face of youth environmental activists. Greta will not attend the COP27 climate summit in Egypt for a variety of reasons, according to Reuters. “People with power… to [use] detoxification, lies and cheating.” “Held in a tourist paradise [Sharm El-Sheikh] in a country that violates many fundamental human rights.”

to protest alternatives Even throwing soup at art that has recently entered our lives can be one of them. Maybe we don’t want to go to meetings anymore. (I’m not saying it doesn’t matter); we want to take action Another view is that all climate meetings are run by plane to increase our carbon footprint. Recently, researchers from University College London created a project led by Bartlett School of Sustainable Construction director, Professor Priti Parikh. Developer of open-source calculators that allow people traveling to COP27 (Egypt) to estimate, reduce and offset their carbon footprint.

Bonn, Germany (2019) © Photo: Mika Baumeister

COP27 has been dubbed the “COP of Africa” because it anticipates significant commitments. especially for Africa Africa is the most environmentally and socially vulnerable to the climate crisis. Continents contribute the least amount of carbon emissions.

Every year, there are several protests before COP27. Let’s look at the current situation.

According to newspaper reports Egypt’s lack of political freedom and the government’s hostile environmental policies are at the forefront of criticism of COP27, which will be held in Egypt to draw attention to Africa. It has brought a lot of criticism from NGOs and activists.

©Climate Action Tracker, 2022

Currently, Egypt is organizing various activities and events. A lot about the climate crisis but in reality The regime imprisoned activists and banned research. activist or the general public will not have access to the meeting venue. And it is expected that the meeting will be held under high security measures. due to security policy The city therefore lies south of the Sinai Peninsula of Egypt. On one side is the sea and a concrete wall in the desert on the other.

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South Sinai Governor Maj. Gen Khaled Fuda said: “It’s very chic, flawless, with a cafe and restaurant on site,” he added. “No one is allowed here without registration.”

According to a Reuters report, 35 Egyptian groups only had one year of recruits for COP27. That’s a good step. But the process was not made public, according to Hossa Bahgat, head of the Egyptian Private Rights Initiative (EIPR).

Solar cells on the roof of a hotel in the resort town of Sharm el-Sheikh © Photo: Mohamed Abd El Ghany

Hussein Baoumi of Amnesty International said: “This is probably the most surveillance COP in the history of the conference,” he added. “They didn’t want the Egyptians to interact with the world. or let the world interact with the Egyptians.”

However, more than 30,000 people are registered worldwide, representing governments, businesses, NGOs and other civil society groups.

But in addition to formal negotiations. There will be conference rooms, pavilions, thousands of side events and 156 pavilions. This year’s topics include Finance, Science, Youth and Future, Carbon Reduction, Adaptation and Agriculture, Gender, Water, Talent and Civil Society, Energy, Biodiversity. and problem solving

Each pavilion has a theme. For example, the Buildings Pavilion is a space where business people and policy makers interact. It is a meeting place for the building and construction community. and spaces for events, exhibitions, etc. It is known that there will be “protest zones” in the meeting spaces. Let’s see how well it works.

A natural gas power plant along the Nile River in Cairo. Egypt © Photo: Amr Abdallah Dalsh

Under the heading COP27, one of the issues related to sea level rise And we’ll take a detailed look at the water crisis at the Water Pavilion.

According to the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC), sea levels could rise to 1.1 meters by 2100. We are accustomed to hearing about sea level rise issues from Asian island nations. However, according to the latest reports The situation could affect the whole world. Perhaps a single point technology solution is not enough.

According to the 2050 Climate Change Cities Index, it’s not just Asian cities. but also to cities Worldwide in danger: Bangkok (Thailand), Amsterdam (Netherlands), Ho Chi Minh City (Vietnam), Cardiff (United Kingdom) and Manila (Philippines).

Skip to the urbanization section of COP27.

Sharm el-Sheikh, Egypt © Photo: Eduardo Casajús Gorostiaga

Should we be afraid of our city?

a few weeks ago Urbanization and climate change experts discuss action plans for sustainable cities and environmentally conscious urban design policies. The action outline includes the Cooperation for Sustainable Cities during COP27 Low Carbon Buildings. urban mobility urban water management policy and an interaction plan for stakeholders and governments.

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According to experts, the workshops are fruitful and we still have the opportunity to build better cities, said Erfan Ali, Regional Director and Representative for the UN-Habitat Regional Office for Arab States: “COP27 in Sharm El-Sheikh will It is a great opportunity to highlight and develop a local climate action agenda and strengthen alignment of sustainable climate action. urban development”

Cairo, Egypt © Photo: Nassim Wahba

UN-Habitat Supports Arab Countries in Urbanization and Sustainable Development The UN-Habitat Regional Office for Arab States (ROAS) provides education, policy advice. technical assistance and joint action for eighteen countries In addition to the increase in climate-related migration especially in recent years. Arab countries are at the forefront of immigrant countries for social and political reasons. These countries are part of eighteen ROAS countries across the Arab region: Algeria, Bahrain, Egypt, Iraq, Jordan, Kuwait, Lebanon, Libya, Morocco, Palestine, Oman, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, Syria, Sudan, Tunisia, United States of America, United Arab Emirates, and Yemen.

Qatar, Kuwait and Saudi Arabia are the richest countries and have the highest ROAS welfare. It’s possible to say they have comprehensive policies on the climate crisis. A few weeks ago, Saudi Crown Prince Mohammed bin Salman announced that Saudi Arabia would hold a second Middle East Green Initiative and Saudi Green Initiative Forum on the eve of the COP27 summit.

When you see the announcement on this COP27 side forum, it’s hard to ignore the big urban projects that rock the world. MENA is also one of the most vulnerable regions to the impact of the climate crisis.

Construction of The Line Project © Photo by OT Sky

It could be that we’ve all seen updates and discussions about Saudi Arabia’s “The Line” and other big projects with this one. Saudi Arabia plans to shift from a carbon-based economy to an alternative economy that attracts people around the world in tourism, business and others. That sounds impressive in theory. But will we find a practical solution?

as mentioned in “Saudi Arabia’s Future Metropolis: The Line” spans 170 kilometers, approximately 1.8 million tonnes of carbon dioxide emissions will be spent on materials used to build large-scale projects in the desert. Unfortunately, this is more than the annual carbon emissions of many European countries.

The Line project is just an example. And we can count such examples as The Line projects from each country that signed the Paris Convention. Can we really evaluate it? If we put what we gain and lose on the scales?

We will be eagerly watching the results of COP27.


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